Thus in New York one would face north-northeast. The Amidah Prayer. Others say one should face the direction along a rhumb line path to Jerusalem, which would not require an alteration of compass direction. 52 Comments. That Thy beloved ones may rejoice, let Thy right hand bring on help [salvation] and answer me... At this point, some say a Biblical verse related to their name(s). It is also called Shemoneh Esrei (שמונה עשרה, "eighteen") because at first the weekday version of the prayer had eighteen blessings. 1 Shemoneh Esrei is Eighteen in hebrew. Among observant Jews, it is referred to as HaTefillah, or "the prayer" of Judaism. Psalms and Jewish Prayer for Healing. [49] In Israel, the season begins on the 7th of Cheshvan. asks God to restore the Temple services, build a Third Temple, and restore sacrificial worship. Blessing One: Avot. The Amidah also called the Shemoneh Esreh (שמנה עשרה), is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy. Like the Shacharit and Mincha Amidah, it is recited both quietly and repeated by the Reader. Moreover, the signatures of two blessings are changed to reflect the days' heightened recognition of God's sovereignty. Email me when new comments are posted. The repetition's original purpose was to give illiterate members of the congregation a chance to participate in the collective prayer by answering "Amen." Conservative Judaism retains the traditional number and time periods during which the Amidah must be said, while omitting explicit supplications for restoration of the sacrifices. Can you please help me? [29] She prayed "speaking upon her heart," so that no one else could hear, yet her lips were moving. By nature, a person's brain is active and wandering. The Amidah brings everything into focus. For other uses, see, Prayers for rain in winter and dew in summer, "Mentioning the power of [providing] rain" (, This aversion that continued at least to some extent throughout the, Ehrlich, Uri and Hanoch Avenary. 30, God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob (Exodus 3.15), a great God, a mighty, and a terrible (Deuteronomy 10:17), The LORD upholdeth all that fall (Psalms 145), Consider mine affliction (Psalms 119.153), Heal me, O LORD, and I shall be healed; save me, and I shall be saved: for thou art my praise (Jeremiah 17.14), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Zion and Jerusalem in Jewish prayer and ritual, "The Shmoneh-Esrai Benedictions of the Silent Prayer", "Innovation in Jewish Law: A Case Study of Chiddush in Havineinu", "The Havinenu Prayer: Lost in the Shuffle? The prayer is recited standing with feet firmly together, and preferably while facing Jerusalem. 19 This blessing completes the section of Shemoneh Esrei called Kedushah (Holiness) which emphasizes that God is … Before beginning the Amidah, take three steps back, then three steps forward. The obligation to pray three times a day, which was established by Ezra and codified in the Talmud (Berakhot 26b), is traditionally fulfilled by reciting the Amidah. A fifth (called Ne'ilah) is recited only once per year, at sunset on Yom Kippur. The Reform siddur also modifies this prayer, eliminating all reference to the Temple service and replacing the request for the restoration of the Temple with "God who is near to all who call upon you, turn to your servants and be gracious to us; pour your spirit upon us.". Selah. Discussions on Prayer, Lesson 41. The Structure of Shemoneh Esrei and the Relationship Between the Berakhot: The gemara teaches that the blessings of Shemoneh Esrei were written and arranged in a precise order. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. Watch (30:22) 2 Comments. Prayer 17, Avodah. This is done to imitate the angels, whom Ezekiel perceived as having "one straight leg. Encyclopaedia Judaica. The change is made on these holidays because they are days of great joy, and because they are days of heavy attendance at public prayers. [7] But this does not imply that the blessings were unknown before that date; in other passages the Amidah is traced to the "first wise men",[8] or to the Great Assembly. When the Amidah is said to oneself in the presence of others, many Jews who wear a tallit (prayer shawl) will drape their tallit over their heads, allowing their field of vision to be focused only on their siddur and their personal prayer. We shall render thanks to His name on every day constantly in the manner of the benedictions. The prayer is also sometimes called Amidah ("standing") because it is recited while standing and facing the Aron Kodesh (the ark that houses the Torah scrolls). You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The Kedushat haYom has an introductory portion, which on Sabbath is varied for each of the four services, and short concluding portion, which is constant: Our God and God of our Ancestors! I also want the prayers and songs (Zemirot) for Shabbat. Once Atah Chonantanu is said, work prohibited on the holy day becomes permitted because the separation from the holy day has been established. The Mish­nah may also not have recorded a spe­cific text be­cause of an aver­sion to mak­ing prayer a mat­ter of rigor and fixed for­mula, an … tif-tach, u-fi ya-gid t'hi-la-te-cha. In the Ashkenazi custom, it is also the only time that the Avinu Malkeinu prayer is said on Shabbat, should Yom Kippur fall on Shabbat, though by this point Shabbat is celestially over. Halakhah requires that the first blessing of the Amidah be said with intention; if said by rote alone, it must be repeated with intention. The Mishnah (Brachot 4:3) and Talmud (Brachot 29a) mention the option of saying a truncated version of the Amidah (see Havineinu), if one is in a rush or under pressure. ... One who stands in the Holy of Holies should face the Cover of the Ark. Many Sephardic prayer books correspondingly add: This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 21:36. There are also halakhot to prevent interrupting the Amidah of others; for example, it is forbidden to sit next to someone praying or to walk within four amot (cubits) of someone praying. Sephardic tradition, which prohibits such additions, places them before the Mussaf Amidah. This prayer, among others, is found in the siddur, the traditional Jewish prayer book. Conservative Judaism is divided on the role of the Mussaf Amidah. Siddur: The Prayerbook. The prayer book according to the Ashkenazi rite. Prior to the final blessing for peace, the following is said: We acknowledge to You, O Lord, that You are our God, as You were the God of our ancestors, forever and ever. [50] This has also been identified by Paul Martin Hengel in his book "the Pre-Christian Paul", arguing that Saul/Paul was a teacher in the Hellenistic synagogues of Jerusalem prior to his conversion to Christianity. The Amidah (Hebrew: תפילת העמידה‎, Tefilat HaAmidah, "The Standing Prayer"), also called the Shemoneh Esreh (.mw-parser-output .script-hebrew,.mw-parser-output .script-Hebr{font-family:"SBL Hebrew","SBL BibLit","Frank Ruehl CLM","Taamey Frank CLM","Ezra SIL","Ezra SIL SR","Keter Aram Tsova","Taamey Ashkenaz","Taamey David CLM","Keter YG","Shofar","David CLM","Hadasim CLM","Simple CLM","Nachlieli",Cardo,Alef,"Noto Serif Hebrew","Noto Sans Hebrew","David Libre",David,"Times New Roman",Gisha,Arial,FreeSerif,FreeSans}שמנה עשרה‎ 'eighteen'), is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy. However, the text of this blessing differs from on Shabbat. Al Hanissim. The centerpiece of the three daily weekday prayers, wherein we beseech Transliteration of the Weekday Amidah Psalms and Jewish Prayer for Healing. … 2. The reason for this procedure is that the Hebrew word for "blessed" (baruch) is related to "knee" (berech); while the verse in Psalms states, "The Lord straightens the bent. Historically (and currently in Orthodox services), the middle blessing focuses on the special Mussaf korban (sacrifice) that was offered in the Temple in Jerusalem, and contains a plea for the building of a Third Temple and the restoration of sacrificial worship. The lan­guage of the Ami­dah most likely comes from the mish­naic pe­riod, both be­fore and after the de­struc­tion of the Tem­ple (70 CE) as the prob­a­ble time of its com­po­si­tion and com­pi­la­tion. A newer version omits references to sacrifices entirely. Do [this] for Thy name's sake, do this for Thy right hand's sake, do this for the sake of Thy holiness, do this for the sake of Thy Torah. Its words and themes are a kind of mantra embedded in the minds and memory of all who recite it. ", The public recitation of the Amidah is sometimes abbreviated, with the first three blessings (including Kedushah) said out loud and the remainder quietly. One version refers to the prescribed sacrifices, but in the past tense ("there our ancestors offered" rather than "there we shall offer"). At the Maariv Amidah following the conclusion of a Shabbat or Yom Tov, a paragraph beginning Atah Chonantanu ("You have granted us...") is inserted into the weekday Amidah's fourth blessing of Binah. [51], This article is about a Jewish prayer. Prayer in Judaism is called avodah shebalev ("service of the heart"). More traditional Conservative congregations recite a prayer similar to the Mussaf prayer in Orthodox services, except they refer to Temple sacrifices only in the past tense and do not include a prayer for the restoration of the sacrifices. It is therefore found that the entire nation of Israel directs their prayers toward a single location.[33]. Audio of the Amidah Listen. My God, open my lips, and my mouth shall declare Your praise. Accordingly, since the Ma'ariv service was originally optional, as it replaces the overnight burning of ashes on the Temple altar rather than a specific sacrifice, Maariv's Amidah is not repeated by the hazzan (reader), while all other Amidot are repeated. On Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement), a fifth public recitation, Ne'ilah, is added to replace a special sacrifice offered on that day. The biblical passage referring to the Mussaf sacrifice of the day is recited. e The Amidah (Hebrew: תפילת העמידה ‎, Tefilat HaAmidah, "The Standing Prayer"), also called the Shemoneh Esreh (שמנה עשרה 'eighteen' ‎), is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy. [28] The second to last blessing of Hoda'ah also has high priority for kavanah. The custom has gradually developed of reciting, at the conclusion of the latter, the supplication with which Mar son of Ravina used to conclude his prayer: My God, keep my tongue and my lips from speaking deceit, and to them that curse me let my soul be silent, and like dust to all. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. 17 November 2009, p. 73, Berachot 4:3; see Grätz, "Gesch." Three steps back are followed by a followup prayer: May it be your will, O my God and God of my fathers, that the Temple be rebuilt speedily in our days, and give us our portion in your Torah, and there we will worship you with reverence as in ancient days and former years. Outside Israel, this season is defined as beginning on the 60th day after the autumnal equinox (usually 4 December) and ending on Passover. @OrthodoxUnion “I started Daf Yomi in April and have not missed a day since. It is not said in a House of Mourning. If the Sabbath coincides with a festival, the festival blessing is recited, but with special additions relating to Shabbat. The paragraph thanks God for the ability to separate between the holy and mundane, paraphrasing the concepts found in the Havdalah ceremony. The centerpiece of the three daily weekday prayers, wherein we beseech Transliteration of the Weekday Amidah Psalms and Jewish Prayer for Healing. The custom is to face the direction of Israel, and if one is in Israel, to turn to Jerusalem and the Temple Mount. Blessed be Thou, O Lord, Thy name is good, and to Thee it is meet to give thanks. It is the custom of the Ashkenazim that one bends the knees when saying "Blessed," then bows at "are You," and straightens while saying "O Lord." Audio. When the chazzan reaches this blessing during the repetition, the congregation recites a prayer called. another name for the Amida, the central prayer during Jewish services. In place of the 13 intermediate blessings of the daily service, a single blessing is added, relating to the holiday. To recite the Amidah is a mitzvah de-rabbanan for, according to legend, it was first composed by the Anshei Knesset HaGedolah. Sort By: Newest Oldest. In the time of the Mish­nah, it was con­sid­ered un­nec­es­sary to pre­scribe its text and con­tent. 72–76. The Weekday Amidah. Rain is mentioned here because God's provision of rain is considered to be as great a manifestation of His power as the resurrection. The Mekhilta notes that the significance of the three steps is based on the three barriers that Moses had to pass through at Sinai before entering God's realm. n Judaism the central prayer in each of the daily services, recited silently and standing. Tefila תפילה - Amidah Shaharit of Shabat (Moroccan, Shemoneh Esrei שמונה עשרה עמידה מרוקאי) - Duration: 7:01. [16] The prescribed times for reciting the Amidah thus may come from the times of the public tamid ("eternal") sacrifices that took place in the Temples in Jerusalem. Thou art good, for Thy mercies are endless: Thou art merciful, for Thy kindnesses never are complete: from everlasting we have hoped in You. During the dry season, the blessing has this form: Bless us, our Father, in all the work of our hands, and bless our year with gracious, blessed, and kindly dews: be its outcome life, plenty, and peace as in the good years, for Thou, O Eternal, are good and does good and blesses the years. Following the establishment of the State of Israel and the reunification of Jerusalem, some Orthodox authorities proposed changes to the special Nachem "Console..." prayer commemorating the destruction of Jerusalem added to the Amidah on Tisha B'Av in light of these events. The historical kernel in these conflicting reports seems to be that the benedictions date from the earliest days of the Pharisaic Synagogue. Mention of taking three steps back, upon finishing the final meditation after the Amidah, is found in both Ashkenaz and Sephardi/עדות המזרח siddurim. The chazzan also says the priestly blessing before Shalom as he would at Shacharit, unlike the usual weekday Minchah when the priestly blessing is not said. In Ashkenazic practice, the priestly blessing is chanted by kohanim on Jewish Holidays in the Diaspora, and daily in the Land of Israel. Avot - The first blessing of the weekday Amidah. Watch (10:40) 17 Comments. 2nd ed. In a similar vein, the Tiferet Yisrael explains in his commentary, Boaz, that the Amidah is so-called because it helps a person focus his or her thoughts. The concluding meditation ends with an additional prayer for the restoration of Temple worship. For example, someone named Leah might say Psalms 3:9, since both Leah and this verse begin with the letter Lamed and end with Hay. A variety of customs exist for how exactly this practice is performed.[40][41][42][43][44]. Name. "high (loud) kedushah"), and sometimes as bekol ram (Hebrew בקול רם, lit. The most prominent of God's powers mentioned in this blessing is the resurrection of the dead. (At the beginning of Hoda'ah, one instead bows while saying the opening words "We are grateful to You" without bending the knees.) ; Nothing is added into the beracha of meayn shalosh (al hamichya, al hagefen, or all haetz) for chanuka. The only exceptions are in cases of danger or for one who needs to relieve oneself, though this rule may depend on the movement of Judaism. "[30] As worshippers address the Divine Presence, they must remove all material thoughts from their minds, just as angels are purely spiritual beings. In the third blessing, the signature "Blessed are You, O Lord, the Holy God" is replaced with "Blessed are You, O Lord, the Holy King." Join the Discussion. It is occasionally performed in Orthodox prayers (in some communities it is customary for mincha to be recited in this way), and more common in Conservative and Reform congregations. Often, the first line is uttered aloud so that others will be reminded of the change. Transliteration of the Weekday Amidah While praying, concentrate on the meaning of the words, and remember that you stand before the divine presence. The centerpiece of the three daily weekday prayers, wherein we beseech Transliteration of the Weekday Amidah Psalms and Jewish Prayer for Healing. Be pleased with our rest; sanctify us with Your commandments, give us a share in Your Torah, satiate us with Your bounty, and gladden us in Your salvation. "[17] For this reason, the Amidah should be recited during the time period in which the tamid would have been offered. On Hanukkah and Purim, the weekday Amidot are recited, but a special paragraph is inserted into the blessing of Hoda'ah. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. 7:01. 2. "Amidah." A paragraph naming the festival and its special character follow. Traditionally one should wash ones hands before saying this prayer and it is said by the Jews three times a day along with the Shema (I’ll print that prayer here too) The Shulchan Aruch thus advises that one pray using a translation one can understand, though learning the meaning of the Hebrew liturgy is ideal.[27]. During the Ten Days of Repentance between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, additional lines are inserted in the first, second, second to last, and last blessings of all Amidot. The Mussaf Amidah begins with the same first three and concludes with the same last three blessings as the regular Amidah. Some call this section of the daily prayer by the ancient name, shemone ʿesre (Hebrew: “eighteen”), although the 19th benediction was added around 100 ce. Rema (16th century) wrote that this is no longer necessary, because "nowadays... even in the repetition it is likely he will not have intention". The guideline of quiet prayer comes from Hannah's behavior during prayer, when she prayed in the Temple to bear a child. The Talmud indicates that when Rabbi Gamaliel II undertook to uniformly codify the public service and to regulate private devotion, he directed Samuel ha-Katan to write another paragraph inveighing against informers and heretics, which was inserted as the twelfth prayer in modern sequence, making the number of blessings nineteen. SHEMONEH ESREH, originally consisting of 18 blessings, is begun immediately after completing the blessing (“…Who redeemed Israel”) that follows SHEMA and reciting the verse “HA-SHEM, open my lips…”; see 111:1,3. Reconstructionist and Reform congregations generally do not do the Mussaf Amidah at all, but if they do, they omit all references to Temple worship. In fact, the Talmud teaches that if this paragraph is forgotten, the Amidah need not be repeated, because Havdalah will be said later over wine. [citation needed]. The "Nasi" Psalms - Tehillim. At Shacharit, no changes are made in the quiet Amidah, but the chazzan adds an additional blessing in his repetition right after the blessing of Geulah, known by its first word Aneinu ("Answer us"). The name "Amidah," which literally is the Hebrew gerund of "standing," comes from the fact that the worshipper recites the prayer while standing with feet firmly together. In many communities, when the chazzan reaches these lines during his repetition, he pauses and the congregation recites the lines before him. The repetition's original purpose was to give illiterate members of the congregation a chance to be included in the chazzan's Amidah by answering "Amen. ... One who stands in the Temple should face the Holy of Holies. Blessed be Thou, O Eternal, who blesses the years. I'm looking for a transliteration of the Shemone Esre into Spanish. The Amidah Standing Prayer in English is also know as the standing prayer. The congregation responds "Amen" to each blessing, and "Baruch Hu Uvaruch Shemo" ("blessed is He and blessed is His Name") when the chazzan invokes God's name in the signature "Blessed are You, O Lord..." If there are not six members of the minyan responding "Amen," the chazzan's blessing is considered in vain. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Rock of our life, Shield of our help, You are immutable from age to age. Preserve and save this year from all evil and from all kinds of destroyers and from all sorts of punishments: and establish for it good hope and as its outcome peace. Shemoneh esreh definition, the Amidah, consisting of 19 blessings, recited on days other than the Sabbath and holy days. [38] It is not the custom of the Sephardim to bend the knees during the Amidah. See more. The shevach and hoda'ah are standard for every Amidah, with some changes on certain occasions. And for all these things may Thy name be blessed and exalted always and forevermore. Email * will not be published. Maaneh Lashon. At Minchah, the chazzan adds Aneinu in his repetition again, as at Shacharit. In the Ashkenazic tradition, both prayers are recited by the Reader during the repetition of the Mussaf Amidah. There is a dispute regarding how one measures direction for this purpose. Prayer. During certain parts of the Amidah said on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, Ashkenazi Jews traditionally go down to the floor upon their knees and make their upper body bowed over like an arch, similar to the Muslim practice of sujud. The congregation traditionally stands during the entire repetition of this prayer, which contains a variety of confessional and supplicatory additions. Ed. The first blessing is called Avot, Hebrew for “ancestors,” and serves as an introduction to the God of our biblical heritage, connecting us to the Divine. The typical weekday Amidah actually consists of nineteen blessings, though it originally had eighteen (hence the alternative name Shemoneh Esreh, meaning "Eighteen"). Also known as: Shemoneh Esrei (There are many different transliteration s.) Amidah is a hebrew word which means stance approximately. Due to its importance, it is simply called hatefila (התפילה‎, "the prayer") in rabbinic literature.[1]. The phrase m'chayei hameitim ("who causes the dead to come to life") is replaced in the Reform and Reconstructionist siddurim with m'chayei hakol ("who gives life to all") and m'chayei kol chai ("who gives life to all life"), respectively. On public fast days it is also said at Mincha; and on Yom Kippur, at Ne'ilah. On Shabbat, Rosh Chodesh, and other Jewish holidays there is a Musaf ("Additional") Amidah to replace the additional communal sacrifices of these days. Many also customary add individual personal prayers as part of quiet recitation of the Amidah. Both paragraphs are prefaced by the same opening line, "[We thank You] for the miraculous deeds (Al HaNissim) and for the redemption and for the mighty deeds and the saving acts wrought by You, as well as for the wars which You waged for our ancestors in ancient days at this season.". [13] Other Talmudic sources indicate, however, that this prayer was part of the original 18;[14] and that 19 prayers came about when the 15th prayer for the restoration of Jerusalem and of the throne of David (coming of the Messiah) was split into two.[15]. (The Mussaf Amidah on Rosh Hashanah is unique in that apart from the first and last 3 blessings, it contains 3 central blessings making a total of 9.). These lines invoke God's mercy and pray for inscription in the Book of Life. Each blessing ends with the signature "Blessed are you, O Lord..." and the opening blessing begins with this signature as well. The first section is constant on all holidays: You have chosen us from all the nations, You have loved us and was pleased with us; You lifted us above all tongues, and sanctified us with Your commandments, and brought us, O our King, to Your service, and pronounced over us Your great and holy name. And may the Mincha offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasing to God, as in ancient days and former years. "[37] At each of these bows, one must bend over until the vertebrae protrude from one's back; one physically unable to do so suffices by nodding the head. The passage of al hanissim and the addition special for chanuka are added to the Birkat HaMazon in the middle of birkat haaretz (between nodeh licha and vi'al hakol) and during the shemoneh esrei following the passage of modim for all eight days of chanuka. Immediately before reciting the Amidah, the tradition developed of taking three steps backward and then forward again to symboliz… Reform and Reconstructionist Judaism generally omit the Mussaf Amidah on Shabbat, though it is retained on some festivals. The Shemoneh Esrei is perhaps the most important prayer of the synagogue. [34] The Mishnah Berurah wrote that only the steps forward are required, while the backward steps beforehand are a prevalent custom. One phrase of the prayer varies according to the day's holiday, mentioning it by name. Some say one should face the direction which would be the shortest distance to Jerusalem, i.e. AMIDAH PRAYER IN HEBREW PDF At the center of the Jewish daily prayers are the 19 blessings that make up the silent prayer, known in Hebrew as the Amidah (lit. Nevertheless, given the importance of moisture during the dry summer of Israel, many versions of the liturgy insert the phrase "מוריד הטל‎," "He causes the dew to fall," during every Amidah of the dry half of the year. First Blessing: Avot – God of our History. There are varying customs related to taking three steps backwards (and then forwards) before reciting the Amidah, and likewise after the Amidah. The final three blessings, known as the hoda'ah ("gratitude"), thank God for the opportunity to serve the Lord. It consists of only seven blessings - the usual first three and last three, and a middle blessing named after its first word, Havineinu.[46][47]. Every phrase of Shemoneh Esrei is treated with selections from thousands of years of Jewish thought. In other traditions, it is said in all the Amidot of Tisha B'av, or not included at all. (Some Conservative congregations remove the concluding quiet prayer for the Temple entirely.) If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. One who stands in the Land of Israel should face Jerusalem, as it is said, "They shall pray to the Lord by way of the city" (ibid). Translation of the Weekday Amidah 52 Comments. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Reform Judaism has changed the first benediction, traditionally invoking the phrase "God of our Fathers, God of Abraham, God of Isaac and God of Jacob," one of the Biblical names of God. [citation needed] Rain is not mentioned in spring and summer, when rain does not fall in Israel. Conservative and Reform congregations sometimes abbreviate the public recitation of the Amidah according to their customs. Shemoneh Esreh synonyms, Shemoneh Esreh pronunciation, Shemoneh Esreh translation, English dictionary definition of Shemoneh Esreh. During the final recitation of the Amidah on Yom Kippur the prayer is slightly modified to read "seal us" in the book of life, rather than "write us". The Shemoneh Esrei is perhaps the most important prayer of the synagogue. tefilla shabbat shemoneh-esrei shabbat-songs transliteration. One takes three steps back upon finishing the final meditation after the Amidah, and then says, while bowing left, right, and forward, "He who makes peace in the heavens, may He make peace for us and all Israel, and let us say, Amen." On Chol HaMoed and Rosh Chodesh, the prayer Ya'aleh Veyavo ("May [our remembrance] rise and be seen...") is inserted in the blessing of Avodah. On weekdays, the signature of the eleventh blessing is changed from "Blessed are You, O Lord, King who loves justice and judgement" to "Blessed are You, O Lord, the King of judgement. The rabbis add that this pose mirrors the vision of angels that Ezekiel had in which the feet of the angels appeared as one (Ezekiel 1:7). The Shemoneh Esrei - Reciting the Weekday Amidah Prayers. Amidah prayer (also called “ Shemoneh Esrei ”) is the centerpiece of all of the traditional “Tefilot” (Jewish prayers). [lit. For example, the gemara (Berakhot 32a) teaches that one should first praise God, and only afterwards ask for one's needs.

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