But without you, all our way is through darkness; forwe known nothing concerning it, every river will be an obstacle, eachmultitude a terror; but, worst terror of all, the vast wilderness, sofull of endless perplexity. The party with the guide made a circuit and surprised the enemy'sguards seated round their fire, and after killing some, and drivingout the rest, took their places, thinking that they were in possessionof the height. When theywere close, he halted some of his regiments at the rear and wheeledothers into position on either flank, but hesitated to attack, havingno mind apparently to run any risks, and contenting himself with anorder to his slingers to sling and his archers to shoot. Proxenus eagerly pressed him tostop--a request which Cyrus with like ardour supported, adding that assoon as the campaign was over he would send him home. historical critic. or, possibly, do we seem to you 17to lack the physical surroundings suitable for attacking you? Arrian, "Tact." So theenemy will be mightily deceived; for on this day they will behold tenthousand Clearchuses instead of one, who will not suffer one man toplay the coward. v. 1, it is clear that it was composed after the Anabasis. Let me tell you, how many high hopes I should robmyself of, were I to take in hand to do you mischief. 14 supra; Justin, ix. Nay, itis very meet and right that you should be more undaunted still to-dayto face the foe. There was amist, so that they could get quite close without being observed. And these, seeing their own cavalryfleeing, seeing also the heavy infantry advancing upon them, abandonedthe heights above the river. . and Roman Biography. Soteridas was notspared by the rest of the men. The man who was not a rogue he ever looked upon asonly half educated. And so it was. In other words, the author, in delineating the portrait of his ideal prince, drew from the recollection of many princely qualities observed by him in the characters of many friends. Think not I am going to saythat you put to shame in any way your ancestry--far from it. He had no reverenceeven for Zeus, the god of strangers; but, after entertaining Clearchusat his own board as a friend, he used his hospitality to delude anddecoy his victims. The elder, as. There is no question butthat our business is to avoid by all means getting into his clutches. The first said no; andin spite of all sorts of terrors applied to extract a betteranswer--"no," he persisted. He has been mentioned before, of course, more than once before; but he now steps, as the protagonist, upon the scene, and as Grote says: "It is in true Homeric vein, and in something like Homeric language, that Xenophon (to whom we owe the whole narrative of the expedition) describes his dream, or the intervention of Oneiros, sent by Zeus, from which this renovating impulse took its rise.". But as I fail to discover, after investigation, that youare endeavouring to do us a mischief--and I am quite sure that nothingof the sort has ever entered our heads with regard to you--the bestplan seemed to me to come and talk the matter over with you, so that,if possible, we might dispel the mutual distrust on either side. After that theyasked, "Were there any captains of light infantry willing to accompanythe expedition?" Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Thiswas a certain Apollonides there present, who spoke in the Boeotiandialect. have we not horsemen enough, or infantry, orwhatever other arm you like, whereby we may be able to injure you,without risk of suffering in return? Not manydays since, you too were drawn up in battle face to face with thesetrue descendants of their ancestors, and by the help of heaven youconquered them, though they many times outnumbered you. For this reason theyalways encamped at a distance from the Hellenes. Todefend ourselves--to ward off that fate--not a hand stirs: no one ispreparing, none cares; but here we lie, as though it were time to restand take our ease. The generals who were thus seized were taken up to the king and there 1decapitated. "Or again, perhaps you admit tht our present position is not withoutits advantages, but you feel sure that the rivers are a difficulty,and think that you were never more taken in than when you crossed 22them; if so, consider whether, after all, this is not perhaps the mostfoolish thing which the barbarians have done. "Now, however, that they have abruptly ended the truce, there is anend also to their own insolence and to our suspicion. Are not all things inall ways subject to the gods? Yet it was not withoutpurpose that he applied the whip; he had a theory that there was nogood to be got out of an unchastened army. Still, from the spot in question there was anapproach to the enemy, who were seated on the pass before mentioned. Back to Full BooksFull Books Nay, if in a fit of madness we murderedyou, what then? They could not close their eyes for verypain and yearning after their fatherlands or their parents, the wifeor child whom they never expected to look upon again.  These words sound to me like an author's note, parenthetically, and perhaps inadvertently, inserted into the text. This he did in apprehensionof a night attack, for a Persian army is good for nothing at night.Their horses are haltered, and, as a rule, hobbled as well, to preventtheir escaping, as they might if loose; so that, if any alarm occurs,the trooper has to saddle and bridle his horse, and then he must puton his own cuirass, and then mount--all which performances aredifficult at night and in the midst of confusion. During this day theycontrived to get along after a fashion, now fighting and now resting.But on the next day they were visited by a great storm, in spite ofwhich they were obliged to continue the march, owing to insufficiencyof provisions. His parents must have been well to do, because they were Roman citizens. Thenight advances; with the day, it is like enough, the enemy will beupon us. Grote thinks there were six companies formed on each flank--twelve in all. recognised the overlordship of the Armenian king. Theinformation derived from the prisoners taken along the way ledthem to believe that once across the Carduchian mountains theywould have the choice either of crossing the Tigris--if theyliked to do so--at its sources in Armenia, or of going roundthem, if so they preferred. In this way they advanced four stages, but ere the fifth wascompleted, they came in sight of a palace of some sort, with villagesclustered round it; they could further see that the road leading tothis place pursued its course over high undulating hillocks, the spurof the mountain range, under which lay the village. In the next place, let me recallto your minds the dangers of our own forefathers, that you may see and 11know that bravery is your heirloom, and that by the aid of the godsbrave men are rescued even out of the midst of sorest straits. But when the Hellenes were close, the natives, to theastonishment of all, without a struggle deserted the knoll. View full catalog record. If then we are minded to enter a second time into termsof friendship with them, with the experience of what our generals, whoin all confidence entrusted themselves to their power, have suffered,reason would we should feel deep despondency. I shall want also the straps which you use for the baggageanimals. Full view only. Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. It wasconjectured that they had left their position from fear of beingencircled and besieged, but the fact was that they, from their higherground, had been able to see what was going on in the rear, and hadall made off in this fashion to attack the rearguard. Here were they at theking's gates, and on every side environing them were many hostilecities and tribes of men. It seemed to him in a vision that there was astorm of thunder and lightning, and a bolt fell on his father's house,and thereupon the house was all in a blaze. . and all those rivers, on whose banks wecan deal craftily by you, checking and controlling and choosing theright number of you whom we care to fight! 479, on the same day. I am told there are inthe army some Rhodians, most of whom, they say, know how to sling, andtheir missile will reach even twice as far as the Persian slings(which, on account of their being loaded with stones as big as one'sfist, have a comparatively short range; but the Rhodians are skilledin the use of leaden bullets). of the World, III. Great as his merits thus Himthen they banished. 37For the rest, we can but make experiment of this arrangement, andalter it with deliberation, as from time to time any improvementsuggests itself. historians among the contemporaries of Alexander, such as Ptolemy, Righteously and honourably he would obtainthem, if he might, or else forego them. But when the Carduchians saw therearguard so stript of the mass, and looking now like a mere handfulof men, they advanced all the more quickly, singing certain songs thewhile. But I will go further andstate to you the reasons of my confidence, that you on your side willdesire our friendship. Isee there are plenty of sheep and goats and asses. --"Ileave it to you," Cheirisophus answered, "to choose which you likebest." The Anabasis (also called The Anabasis of Cyrus, The March Up Country, The March of the Ten Thousand, and The Persian Expedition) is a work by the ancient Greek writer Xenophon.It details the journey of 10,000 Greek mercenaries in the army of Cyrus the Younger as he seeks to overthrow his older brother, the King of Persia Artaxerxes II. The order passed to his own men was: "Wait tillyou are within sling-shot, and the shield rattles, then sound thepaean and charge the enemy. The arrows pierced through shieldand cuirass, and the Hellenes, when they got hold of them, used themas javelins, fitting them to their thongs. … They gave him blows, they pelted him,they showered him with abuse, till they compelled him to take back hisshield and march on; and the other, remounting, led them on horsebackas long as the footing held; but when the ground became too steep, heleft his horse and pressed forward on foot, and so they foundthemselves on the summit before the enemy. The city, modern Izmit, was the capital of ancient Bithynia and one of the foremost towns of early Christianity. Historia, ii. the clearness and distinctness with which he describes all military When the Hellenes perceived that they were preparing to retire, andthat the order was being given, the herald's cry, "Pack up forstarting," might be heard before the enemy was fairly out of earshot.For a while the Asiatics paused, as if unwilling to be gone; but asnight closed in, off they went, for it did not suit their notions ofexpediency to set off on a march and arrive by night. . "Nor let any one suppose that herein is a point of weakness, in thatCyrus's troops, who before were drawn up by your side, have nowdeserted us, for they are even worse cowards still than those weworsted. Thisbeing so, Xenophon thought there was nothing for it but to charge, andcharge they did; some of the heavy and light infantry, who wereguarding the rear, with him; but for all their charging they did notcatch a single man. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Agias the Arcadian and Socrates the Achaean were both among thesufferers who were put to death. he replied: "Two thousand wine-skins. When this detachment were once posted above their pursuers, thelatter desisted from attacking the main body in its descent, for fearof being cut off and finding themselves between two assailants. One man's leg was crushed to pieces.Xenophon was left by his shield-bearer, who carried off his shield,but Eurylochus of Lusia, an Arcadian hoplite, ran up to him, andthrew his shield in front to protect both of them; so the two togetherbeat a retreat, and so too the rest, and joined the serried ranks ofthe main body. We haveseen with our own eyes how they fare: seizing fortresses down in theplains, and reaping the fruits of these men's territory. From this place they marched one stage--four parasangs. When he had poured out the libation, he atonce led the two young men to Cheirisophus, and they repeated to himtheir story. They have only tobe flayed, and their skins inflated, and they will readily give us apassage. Then he led on slowly, and the rest of the armyfollowed, wave upon wave, cresting the summit and descending into thevillages which nestled in the hollows and recesses of the hills. "At this very moment you would confer a great boon on the army, if youmade it your business to appoint generals and officers to fill theplaces of those that are lost. Thereupon he got up, and called together first Proxenus's officers;and when they were met, he said: "Sleep, sirs, I cannot, nor can you,I fancy, nor lie here longer, when I see in what straits we are. it chanced, was already there, but Cyrus he must needs send for from. "Thesm." Cf. 401 and 338, see Jebb, "Attic Orators," vol i. p. 17. The campaignreferred to was understood to be against the Pisidians. p. 123, note (1st ed.). As soon as they were all met, they seated themselves in frontof the place d'armes: the assembled generals and officers, numberingabout a hundred. See "Hist. 985 Dr. Leonhard Schmitz says:—âArrian is in this work one of  Some MSS. It provides up-to-date guidance on literary, historical and cultural aspects of the Anabasis and will help undergraduate students to read Greek better. I should not wonder if our troopersgave some annoyance to these fugitives.". older I shall never be, if to-day I betraymyself to my enemies. 982 Xenophon (Cyropaedia, vii. his simplicity and his unbiassed judgment. As soon as the victims were favourable, all the soldiersbegan singing the battle hymn, and with the notes of the paean mingledthe shouting of the men accompanied by the shriller chant of thewomen, for there were many women in the camp.